As co-enzymes, the B vitamins are essential components in most major metabolic reactions. They play an important role in energy production, including the metabolism of lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins. B-vitamins support the vital roles they play in energy production, antioxidant support and maintenance of healthy blood cells, nervous system, hormonal balance, and more. As water-soluble substances, B vitamins are not generally stored in the body in any appreciable amounts (with the exception of vitamin B-12). Therefore, the body needs an adequate supply of B vitamins on a daily basis.
Pantothenic acid, also known as vitamin B-5, is a coenzyme essential for energy production from dietary proteins, fats and carbohydrates. It is a component of coenzyme A and of phosphopantetheine, and is therefore essential for Krebs cycle operation.
Potential side effects:
- Gastrointestinal discomfort
Potential drug interactions:
- Tricyclic antidepressants
- Chronic anticoagulation therapy
- Adrenal tumors
Contents: 60 capsules
The recommended dose of pantethine is 300 mg 2 to 3 times a day. Those exceeding the recommended doses must do so under the supervision of their physician due to the increased risk of potential side effects.
Friberg G, Pande J, Ogun O, Benedek GB. Pantethine inhibits the formation of high-Tc protein aggregates in gamma B crystallin solutions. Curr Eye Res. 1996 Dec;15(12):1182-90.
Horváth Z, Vécsei L. Current medical aspects of pantethine. Ideggyogy Sz. 2009 Jul 30;62(7-8):220-9.
Osono Y, Hirose N, Nakajima K, Hata Y. The effects of pantethine on fatty liver and fat distribution. J Atheroscler Thromb. 2000;7(1):55-8.
Rumberger JA, Napolitano J, Azumano I, Kamiya T, Evans M. Pantethine, a derivative of vitamin B(5) used as a nutritional supplement, favorably alters low-density lipoprotein cholesterol metabolism in low- to moderate-cardiovascular risk North American subjects: a triple-blinded placebo and diet-controlled investigation. Nutr Res. 2011 Aug;31(8):608-15.
- Adrenal Dysfunction
- Anti-Aging Therapy
- Cataracts Prevention
- Coronary Artery Disease Prevention
- Fatty Liver Disease/Alcoholic Liver
- Hyperlipidemia/Elevated Cholesterol
- Intermittent Claudication
- Memory Enhancement
- Parkinson's Disease
- Peripheral Vascular Disease
- Rheumatoid Arthritis